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Грамматика английского языка с упражнениями

Неправильные английские глаголы

Правильными считаются 97% английских глаголов, они образуют прошедшее время и причастие прошедшего времени при помощи окончания -ed. Остальные глаголы являютсянеправильными, то есть имеют самостоятельные формы, которые необходимо заучивать.

Ученые считают, что неправильные глаголы английского языка постепенно вымирают. В древнеанглийском языке (около 800 г н.э.) существовало несколько классов глаголов, различающихся по способу образования прошедшего времени. С тех пор идет процесс «регуляризации» – превращение неправильных глаголов в правильные, и скорость этого превращения зависит от частотности использования глагола. Чем реже употребляется глагол, тем больше он подвержен процессу стандартизации. Так, в древнеанглийском языке существовало 177 неправильных глаголов, сейчас их насчитывается на несколько десятков меньше. По прогнозам ученых-лингвистов, в течение ближайших 500 лет как минимум 15 неправильных глаголов станут правильными, и, скорее всего, это произойдет с глаголами to bid, to shed, to slay, to slit, to sting, to wed, но не с высокочастотными глаголами to break, to buy, to choose, to draw, to drink, to eat.

:)

Опасаться этого не следует – приведенные ниже английские неправильные глаголы просуществуют в данных формах на протяжении всей вашей жизни  .

ВНИМАНИЕ! Озвучка глаголов (аудио) временно недоступна из-за перегрузки на сервере. Приносим свои извинения.

Глагол в инфинитиве без toФорма прошедшего времениПричастие прошедшего времениПеревод инфинитива на русский
abideabode, abidedabode, abidedпребывать, жить, придерживаться (ч.-л.)
arisearosearisenподняться, возникнуть
awakeawokeawoken,    awaked   ,awokeбудить, проснуться
bewas,   werebeenбыть
bearboreborn,   borneнести, родить
beatbeatbeatenбить
becomebecamebecomeстать, сделаться
befallbefellbefallenслучиться
beginbeganbegunначать
bendbentbentсогнуть(ся)
beseechbesoughtbesought,   beseechedумолять, упрашивать
betbetbetдержать пари
bidbid,    bade,     bad    (уст)bid,    biddenпредлагать (цену), велеть, просить
bindboundboundсвязать
bitebitbit  , bittenкусать
bleedbledbledкровоточить
blowblewblownдуть
breakbrokebroken(с)ломать
breedbredbredвыращивать
bringbroughtbroughtпринести
buildbuiltbuiltстроить
burnburntburntжечь, гореть
burstburstburstразразиться, взорваться
buyboughtboughtкупить
castcastcastкинуть, лить (металл)
catchcaughtcaughtловить, поймать
choosechosechosenвыбрать
cleavecleaved  ,  cleft  ,clovecleaved  ,   cleft  , clovenрассечь
clingclungclungцепляться, льнуть
clotheclothedclothed   , cladодеть
comecamecomeприйти
costcostcostстоить
creepcreptcreptползти
cutcutcutрезать
daredurst,   dareddaredсметь
dealdealtdealtиметь дело
digdugdugкопать
dodiddoneделать
drawdrewdrawnтащить, рисовать
dreamdreamt  , dreameddreamt  , dreamedгрезить, мечтатьвидеть сны
drinkdrankdrunkпить, выпивать
drivedrovedrivenгнать, ехать
dwelldweltdweltобитать, задерживаться (на ч.-л.)
eatateeatenкушать, есть
fallfellfallenпадать
feedfedfedкормить
feelfeltfeltчуствовать
fightfoughtfoughtсражаться
findfoundfoundнаходить
fleefledfledбежать, спасаться
flingflungflungбросить
flyflewflownлетать
forbidforbadeforbiddenзапретить
forgetforgotforgottenзабыть
forgiveforgaveforgivenпростить
freezefrozefrozenзамерзнуть, замораживать
getgotgot, gottenполучить
gildgilt, gildedgilt, gildedпозолотить
givegavegivenдать
gowentgoneидти, уходить, уезжать
grindgroundgroundточить, молоть
growgrewgrownрасти
hanghung, hungedhung, hungedповесить
havehadhadиметь
hearheardheardслышать
hewhewedhewed, hewnрубить, тесать
hidehidhiddenпрятять(ся)
holdheldheldдержать
hurthurthurtпричинять боль
keepkeptkeptхранить
kneelkneltknelt, kneeledстановиться на колени, стоять на коленях
knitknitknit, kneetedвязать
knowknewknownзнать
laylaidlaidкласть, положить
leadledledвести
leanleant, leanedleant, leanedопереться, прислоняться
leapleapt, leapedleapt, leapedпрыгать
learnlearntlearnt, learnedучить
leaveleftleftоставить
lendlentlentодолжить
letletletпустить, дать
lielaylainлежать
lightlit, lightedlit, lightedосвещать
loselostlostтерять
makemademadeделать
meanmeantmeantподразумевать
meetmetmetвстретить
mishearmisheardmisheardослышаться
misleadmisledmisledввести в заблуждение
mistakemistookmistakenнеправильно понимать
mowmowedmown, mowedкосить
paypaidpaidплатить
putput, puttedput, puttedкласть
quitquitquit, quitedоставлять, покидать
readreadreadчитать
rebuildrebuiltrebuiltперестроить
ringrangrungзвонить
rideroderiddenездить верхом
ringrang (rung), ringedrung, ringedзвонить
riseroserisenподняться
runranrunбежать, течь
sawsawedsawn, sawedпилить
saysaidsaidговорить, сказать
seesawseenвидеть
seeksoughtsoughtискать
sellsoldsoldпродавать
sendsentsentпослать
sendsentsentпослать
setsetsetустанавливать
sewsewedsewen, sewedшить
shakeshookshakenтрясти
shaveshavedshaved, shavenбрить
shearshore, shearedshorn, shearedстричь
shedshedshedпроливать, сбрасывать
shineshoneshoneсветить, сиять
shoeshodshodобувать, подковывать
shootshotshotстрелять, давать побеги
showshowedshownпоказывать
shrinkshrank. shrunkshrunk, shrunkenсокращать, сжиматься, отпрянуть
shutshutshutзакрывать
singsangsangпеть
sinksank, sunksunk, sunkenопускаться, погружаться
sitsatsatсидеть
slayslew, slaidslain, slaidубивать
sleepsleptsleptспать
slideslidslidскользить
slingslungslungшвырять, вешать через плечо,подвешивать(-есить)

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