Categories
Лингвистические термины

Части речи

Части речи – классы слов языка, выделяемые на основании общности их синтаксических, морфологических и семантических свойств. Различают  знаменательные части речи (существительное, глагол, прилагательное, наречие) и служебные  части речи (союз, предлог, частицы, артикль).  К знаменательным частям речи традиционно относят также числительные и местоимения.

При типологическом анализе к одной части речи относят слова, способные стоять в предложении в одинаковых синтаксических позициях или выполнять одинаковые синтаксические функции . Например,  одним из признаков, различающих существительное и глагол в русском языке, является возможность быть главным членом атрибутивной конструкции с прилагательным. При этом важен не только набор  синтаксических функций, но и степень характерности каждой из функций для данной части речи. Эти функции распадаются на первичные и вторичные (связанные с определёнными морфологическими и синтаксическими ограничениями). Так, в русском языке,  и существительное и глагол могут выступать как в функции подлежащего, так и  в функции сказуемого. Однако для глаголов функция сказуемого  первична, а функция подлежащего вторична. Для существительного функция подлежащего  первична, а сказуемого – вторична. Существительное может быть подлежащим при сказуемом любого типа, тогда как глагол не может выступать в качестве подлежащего  при сказуемом, выраженным глаголом в  личной форме. Синтаксические функции определяют и разделение на классы служебных слов (служебных частей речи).

Каждая часть речи характеризуется особой системой  грамматических категорий. Будучи выражены морфологически, наборы грамматических категорий охватывают все слова данной части речи или основное ядро этих слов. На этом основан морфологический критерий выделения частей речи в неаморфных языках. Так, в русском языке существительному свойственны  число, падеж и род, прилагательному –  степени сравнения, число, падеж и род. При морфологической классификации выделяются формы, совмещающие в себе морфологические признаки разных частей речи ( например, причастия, обладающие морфологическими признаками глагола и имени).

Распределение слов по частям речи  во всех языках подчиняется определённым семантическим закономерностям,  которые служат основанием для семантической характеристики частей речи. Эта закономерность позволяет говорить об общем  значении предметности у существительных как части речи. Точно так же для глагола устанавливается общее значение действия или состояния, для прилагательного –  качества, для наречия – признака действия и качества.

Проблема, касающаяся  сущности частей речи и принципов их выделения в различных языках мира, –  одна из более  дискуссионных проблем общего языкознания. Этот вопрос остаётся дискуссионным и в наши дни.

104 replies on “Части речи”

Hi there! Would you mind if I share your blog with my zynga
group? There’s a lot of people that I think would really appreciate your content.

Please let me know. Thank you

I’ve been surfing online greater than 3 hours lately,
but I never discovered any attention-grabbing article like yours.

It’s pretty price enough for me. Personally, if all website owners and bloggers made excellent content material as you did,
the web will likely be much more helpful than ever
before.

Do you mind if I quote a couple of your posts as long as I provide credit and sources back to
your website? My website is in the exact same area of interest as
yours and my users would certainly benefit from some of the information you provide here.

Please let me know if this ok with you. Thank you!

I have been browsing online more than 3 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like
yours. It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all website owners and bloggers made
good content as you did, the internet will be a lot more useful than ever before.

Hey there would you mind stating which blog platform you’re working with?
I’m going to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having a difficult time selecting between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and
Drupal. The reason I ask is because your design seems different
then most blogs and I’m looking for something unique.
P.S Sorry for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

I absolutely love your blog and find many of your post’s to be exactly what I’m looking for.
can you offer guest writers to write content for yourself?
I wouldn’t mind producing a post or elaborating on a lot of the subjects you write concerning here.
Again, awesome website!

you’re really a good webmaster. The web site loading speed is amazing.

It seems that you are doing any unique trick.
Moreover, The contents are masterwork. you have done a magnificent process in this topic!

Just want to say your article is as astonishing.
The clearness for your submit is just great and that i can suppose you’re an expert on this subject.
Well together with your permission allow me to clutch your feed
to keep up to date with imminent post. Thanks a
million and please carry on the rewarding work.

I am not sure where you’re getting your info, but good topic.
I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more.
Thanks for great info I was looking for this info for my mission.

Hi, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was
just curious if you get a lot of spam feedback?
If so how do you stop it, any plugin or anything you can suggest?
I get so much lately it’s driving me mad so any help is very much
appreciated.

Greetings from Los angeles! I’m bored to tears
at work so I decided to browse your website on my iphone during lunch break.
I enjoy the information you present here and can’t wait to take
a look when I get home. I’m shocked at how fast your blog loaded
on my cell phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, fantastic blog!

I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you make this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you?

Plz respond as I’m looking to design my own blog and would like to find out
where u got this from. cheers

I would like to thank you for the efforts you have put in writing
this site. I really hope to see the same high-grade blog posts from you later on as well.
In truth, your creative writing abilities
has inspired me to get my own, personal blog
now 😉

I’ve learn several just right stuff here. Definitely price bookmarking for revisiting.
I wonder how a lot effort you place to create this type of wonderful informative
website.

Amazing blog! Do you have any tips for aspiring writers?
I’m hoping to start my own website soon but
I’m a little lost on everything. Would you propose starting with
a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so
many options out there that I’m totally confused ..
Any ideas? Bless you!

Link exchange is nothing else except it is just placing the other person’s webpage link
on your page at proper place and other person will also do same in support of you.

Thanks , I’ve just been looking for information about this
subject for ages and yours is the greatest I have discovered so far.
But, what in regards to the bottom line? Are you certain in regards to the source?

Hey there! I’m at work browsing your blog from my new apple iphone!
Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look
forward to all your posts! Keep up the superb work!

Hmm is anyone else experiencing problems with the images on this
blog loading? I’m trying to figure out if its a
problem on my end or if it’s the blog. Any feed-back would be greatly appreciated.

I’ve been surfing online more than three hours today, yet I never found
any interesting article like yours. It’s pretty worth enough
for me. In my view, if all website owners and bloggers made good
content as you did, the net will be much more useful than ever before.

Link exchange is nothing else except it is just placing
the other person’s website link on your page at appropriate place and other person will also do similar
for you.

Hi there it’s me, I am also visiting this site on a regular basis, this web page
is genuinely nice and the viewers are really sharing good thoughts.

May I simply say what a relief to find an individual who actually knows what they are discussing on the web.

You definitely realize how to bring a problem to light and make it important.
More people ought to read this and understand this side of your story.
I can’t believe you are not more popular since you most certainly have the gift.

An intriguing discussion is worth comment. I do believe that you
need to publish more about this subject, it may not be a taboo matter but usually people don’t talk about such issues.
To the next! Kind regards!!

Whats up this is kinda of off topic but I was wanting to know if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you
have to manually code with HTML. I’m starting a blog soon but have
no coding expertise so I wanted to get guidance
from someone with experience. Any help would be enormously appreciated!

I like the helpful info you provide in your articles.
I will bookmark your blog and check again here regularly.
I am quite certain I will learn many new stuff right here!

Best of luck for the next!

Fantastic blog! Do you have any hints for aspiring
writers? I’m planning to start my own site soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
Would you suggest starting with a free platform
like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many options out
there that I’m totally overwhelmed .. Any suggestions? Cheers!

After I initially commented I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on each time a comment is added
I recieve four emails with the exact same comment.
There has to be a way you are able to remove me from that service?
Cheers!

Hello there, I think your web site could be having web browser compatibility problems.
Whenever I take a look at your site in Safari, it looks fine however when opening in I.E.,
it has some overlapping issues. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!
Besides that, excellent website!

I blog often and I truly thank you for your information. This great
article has really peaked my interest. I will book mark
your blog and keep checking for new information about once per week.
I subscribed to your RSS feed too.

Howdy! This blog post could not be written much better!
Looking at this post reminds me of my previous roommate!

He always kept talking about this. I will forward this information to him.
Fairly certain he will have a great read. Thank you for sharing!

A fascinating discussion is worth comment. I do think
that you ought to publish more about this issue, it might not
be a taboo subject but typically people don’t speak about such topics.
To the next! Cheers!!

Hi there! I’m at work browsing your blog from my new iphone 3gs!
Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to all your posts!
Keep up the superb work!

Having read this I believed it was really enlightening.
I appreciate you taking the time and effort to put this content together.
I once again find myself personally spending a lot of time both
reading and posting comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile!

Fantastic blog you have here but I was curious about if you knew of
any message boards that cover the same topics discussed in this article?
I’d really love to be a part of group where I can get advice from other experienced individuals that share the same
interest. If you have any suggestions, please let me know.
Thanks a lot!

Hi there are using WordPress for your site platform?

I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and create my own. Do you
need any html coding knowledge to make your own blog?
Any help would be really appreciated!

magnificent issues altogether, you just received a logo new
reader. What may you suggest in regards to your publish that you just made a few days in the past?

Any sure?

You’re so interesting! I don’t believe I’ve read
a single thing like that before. So wonderful to find another person with genuine
thoughts on this topic. Seriously.. thank you for starting this up.

This web site is something that is needed on the internet, someone with some originality!

I think that is one of the such a lot important info for me.
And i’m glad studying your article. But want to
observation on some common things, The site style is great, the articles is really excellent : D.
Excellent job, cheers

great publish, very informative. I ponder why the other experts of this
sector do not realize this. You should continue your writing.
I am confident, you’ve a great readers’ base already!

Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is an extremely
well written article. I will make sure to bookmark it and
return to read more of your useful info. Thanks for the post.

I’ll certainly comeback.

Hi would you mind stating which blog platform
you’re using? I’m looking to start my own blog in the near
future but I’m having a difficult time choosing between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.

The reason I ask is because your design seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique.
P.S My apologies for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

Hey would you mind letting me know which hosting company you’re
utilizing? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different internet browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot
faster then most. Can you suggest a good hosting provider at
a honest price? Kudos, I appreciate it!

Hey I am so grateful I found your weblog, I really found you by accident,
while I was searching on Askjeeve for something else,
Anyhow I am here now and would just like to say thank you for a tremendous post and a all round entertaining blog (I
also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to look over it all at the minute but I have bookmarked it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I
will be back to read a great deal more, Please do keep up the great job.

An interesting discussion is worth comment. I do believe that you need
to publish more on this subject, it may not be a taboo subject but generally folks don’t discuss such issues.
To the next! Many thanks!!

I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own blog and was wondering what
all is required to get set up? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would
cost a pretty penny? I’m not very web savvy so I’m not 100% positive.
Any suggestions or advice would be greatly appreciated.
Thank you

I’m not certain the place you’re getting your info, however good
topic. I must spend some time finding out more or working out more.
Thank you for fantastic info I used to be on the lookout for
this information for my mission.

What i don’t realize is in fact how you are not actually a lot more smartly-favored than you may be now.
You are very intelligent. You realize therefore considerably relating to
this topic, made me personally consider it from so many numerous angles.
Its like men and women aren’t fascinated unless
it is one thing to do with Woman gaga! Your personal stuffs nice.
Always take care of it up!

Magnificent web site. Lots of helpful information here.
I am sending it to a few friends ans also sharing in delicious.
And certainly, thanks to your effort!

Please let me know if you’re looking for a author for your
site. You have some really good posts and I feel I would be a good asset.
If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d absolutely love to write some material
for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine. Please blast me an email if interested.
Regards!

hello!,I like your writing so much! percentage we communicate more approximately your article on AOL?
I need an expert on this area to resolve my problem.

Maybe that’s you! Taking a look forward to look you.

Superb site you have here but I was wanting to know
if you knew of any message boards that cover the same topics talked about here?

I’d really love to be a part of online community
where I can get opinions from other knowledgeable people that share the same interest.
If you have any recommendations, please let me know.
Thanks a lot!

Hello there! Quick question that’s completely off topic.
Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?
My weblog looks weird when browsing from my iphone 4.
I’m trying to find a template or plugin that might be able to fix this problem.
If you have any recommendations, please share. Thank you!

I was curious if you ever considered changing the structure
of your site? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say.

But maybe you could a little more in the
way of content so people could connect with it better.
Youve got an awful lot of text for only having 1 or two images.
Maybe you could space it out better?

Hmm it appears like your website ate my first comment (it was super
long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I had written and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog.

I too am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new to the whole thing.

Do you have any helpful hints for inexperienced blog writers?
I’d definitely appreciate it.

Its like you read my mind! You seem to know a lot about this, like
you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you could do with a few pics to drive the message home a bit, but other
than that, this is wonderful blog. A great read. I will definitely be back.

Hello there! This article couldn’t be written much better!
Looking at this post reminds me of my previous roommate!
He continually kept preaching about this. I most certainly will send this article to
him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thank you for sharing!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.